About Australia - Sport

Australia is a country fortunate enough to have a large range of sports available to people all over the country at a local, state and national level.

Some of the most popular sports are listed below:

  • AFL
  • Cricket
  • Rugby League
  • Horse Racing
  • Motorsports
  • Rugby Union
  • Soccer


Aussie Rules - AFL

Access the official AFL website here.

Image of a swans game
Australian Rules football is a physical contact sport with some similar styles of play to rugby and Gaelic football. Invented circa 1850's, to keep cricketers fit during the winter. It is played by teams of 18 on an oval field with an oval ball that can be kicked, caught, hit with the fist, or carried and bounced.

How to play...

  • The game is divided into quarters.
  • Each quarter comprises of 20 minutes plus time-on. Time-on is the extra time allocated by the timekeepers when play stops.
  • At the end of each quarter the teams swap ends and kick in the other direction.
  1. Teams start by determining the choice of goal by tossing a coin.
  2. The field umpire starts play by blowing his whistle and bouncing the ball in the centre circle so that it rebounds vertically to be contested by the players in the centre square (At the start of play, no player may enter the centre circle, and only four players from each team are permitted in the centre square after the ball has been bounced.)
  3. A goal is scored when
    • A ball kicked between the two larger goal posts without being touched is a goal and is worth six points.
    • If the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post then it is a behind, and it scores 1 point.
    • A "rushed" point refers to either
    • when the ball is touched by the opposition before crossing the goal line; or ··· a defensive player kicks/carries the ball over their own defensive goal line (to prevent a goal being scored)
  4. After a goal is scored, play is restarted in the centre of the ground.
  5. After a behind has scored. Any player of the defending team kicks the ball from within the kick-off 'square' in front of goal, but only after the goal umpire has finished waving his flags. The player must *kick* the ball out to restart play.
Image of a swans game

So, if your team kicked the ball between the goal posts 7 times and through the point posts 8 times, your score would be :
7 (goals) x 6 (points per goal) = 42 points
PLUS 8 points
= 50 points.

This is sometimes written as 7.8. 50 and literally means 7 goals, 8 points, 50 points total.

What is the crowd yelling ?
In a case where there are a large number of supporters for a team, they will try and influence the umpires decision by subtly bringing to attention any infringements of the rules.

MAN - or 'holding the man' not in possession of the ball
HIGH - when one of your players receives a high tackle
BACK - when one of your players is pushed in the back
BALL - when one of the opposition players is caught in possession of the ball
WANKER - when the umpire misinterprets one of the above.

[Adelaide Crows] [Brisbane Lions] [Carlton] [Richmond] [Collingwood] [Essendon] [Fremantle Dockers] [Hawthorn] [Melbourne Demons] [Sydney Swans] [Westcoast Eagles] [Western Bulldogs]

Image of a swans game, 1998




Visit the official Cricket website here.

Cricket has a long history in Australia, and is played on local, national and international levels. It is Australia's national summer sport and unlike the various football codes, enjoys consistent support from people in all parts of Australia

It is played by two teams with 11 a side, and has a 12th man to step in if he is needed.
One team fields and the other bats. There are two batters (from one team),and a bowler, wicket keeper and 9 fielders (from the other) on the cricket pitch. The goal for the bowler is to bowl the ball past the batsman and hit the stumps that he protects, or force the batter to hit the ball into the fieldsmens hands.
The goal for the batsman is to acrue as many runs as they can. Running from one end of the pitch to the other is counted as 1 run or 1 point. However, if a batter hits a ball that bounces within the field and then goes out of bounds it is instantly 4 runs, and if a ball is hit out of the field on the full, it is 6 runs.
Once the all the batters are out, teams swap positions and the batters now field and the filders now bat to complete the innings.

Cricket as Explained to ForeignersCricket as Explained to a Foreigner

You have two sides, one out in the field and one in. Each man that's in the side that's in goes out, and when he's out he comes in and the next man goes in until he's out. When they are all out, the side that's out comes in and the side thats been in goes out and tries to get those coming in, out. Sometimes you get men still in and not out.
When a man goes out to go in, the men who are out try to get him out, and when he is out he goes in and the next man in goes out and goes in.
When both sides have been in and all the men have out, and both sides have been out twice after all the men have been in, including those who are not out, that is the end of the game!




Rugby League

Visit the official Rugby League website here.

Also referred to as "league", "football" or "footy", rugby league is one of Australia's most popular sports. It dominates the hearts and minds of winter sports followers all over the country.

Split into two 40min. halves, Rugby League is a fast paced and physical sport. It is played on a grass field that is 100m long and 60m wide, with two goal posts in the shape of an 'H' in the middle of the tryline at each end of the field.
Play is commenced by one team kicking off into the opposing teams half. Each team is responsible for defending their end of the field and take turns at attacking and defending throughout the game.
Points are scored by scoring a try (grounding the ball over the opposing teams goal line in a controlled manner), a penalty kick (after a penalty has been caused by an infringement) or a field goal (a drop kick through the goal posts).
A team only has 6 tackles (or a 'set') before they hand the ball over to the opposing team. If the attacking team scores, they have the opportunity to convert the try by kicking a goal. The goal is kicked from any point perpendicular to the goal line, opposite where the try was scored. A try is worth 4 points and a penalty kick or a conversion kick is worth 2. A field goal is worth 1 point.
Teams are from regional areas up and down the east coast and also New Zealand. A list of all the teams are below.

Rugby League Teams